• Former Riskies,  Writing

    It’s Been A While So Let’s Catch Up!

    Hello there. Carolyn Jewel here. I am cautiously hopeful that I’ll be able to post here  regularly now that my life is less hectic than it has been for the last couple of years. Since it’s been a while, let’s catch up!

    My son officially graduates from college at the end of this week (March 23, 2018) and starts a full time job next week. Cue the happy dancing! Oddly, I am finding ways to stress about this.

    I’m almost caught up on a long-standing sleep deficit. It’s scary how you can “adjust” to this and then scarier when you realize how you hadn’t really adjusted at all…

    I’ve been making friends with Freddie, my sister’s macaw. I’ve written a few posts about this very interesting and rewarding process over at my blog: Making Friends with Freddie

    It’s good to be back. I’ve missed being here.

    Before I get into the writing-related information, what have you been up to? Let me know in the comments.

    Writing

    I did manage to publish some historical stories while I was working on keeping my head above water.

    In the last quarter of 2017 I put out Surrender to Ruin, Book 3 in my Sinclair Sisters series.

    Image is of a super hot Regency era gentleman who looks like he wants you. Right now.
    Cover of Surrender to Ruin

    The first two books are Lord Ruin, and A Notorious Ruin.

    iBooks | Amazon | cJewel Books | Google Play | B&N | Kobo | Smashwords | Print

    I also published  The Viscount’s First Kiss, a historical novella in the anthology How To Find a Duke in Ten Days.

     

    A Duke is standing to the side with a ducal estate in the background. He looks a but smug, as would I if I were a duke
    Cover of How To Find A Duke in Ten Days

    You can get the anthology at the links below. My novella will be available as a standalone story sometime next week. The anthology has stories by Grace Burrowes and Shana Galen. Our stories all feature the search for a possibly mythical ancient manuscript.

    iBooks | Amazon | Google Play | B&N | Kobo | Print

    I also got reversions for Not Wicked Enough and, in a bit of a surprise very recently, Not Proper Enough.

    A blonde Regency lady looking a bit sassy. As is proper.
    Cover of Not Proper Enough

    iBooks | Amazon | cJewel Books | Google Play | B&N | Kobo | Smashwords | Print

    This is of interest (I hope) mostly to US and Canadian readers. Berkley Books had North American rights so I have long had both books out everywhere else. Now all the versions are the same.

    In case anyone made it all the way down here, THANKS!

    What have YOU been up to? Let me know in the comments.

  • Former Riskies,  History,  Regency

    Stewards and Death Taxes

    The Modern Land Steward by John Lawrence, published in 1806.

    Note: A version of this was originally posted at my website. This post is expanded to include more about Stewards.

    It will be sufficient fbr our purpose, to define the needful qualifications, of each, of three orders of stewardship, namely, of The Superintendant OR COMPTROILING AGENT, THE LAND-STEWARD OR Agent, properly so called, and of The HouseSteward. A thorough knowledge of common accounts, and of the nature of markets, bargaining, and of the proper modes of settlement with tradesmen, will, with the aid of common honesty and discretion, suffice to form the HouseSteward.
    But with regard to the first description, or the Chief Agent, the trust is of a high and extraornary nature, nor do the opportunities of tilling such an office to advantage, frequently occur. It is even matter of great public concernment, since the well or ill-management of extensive estates may in a variety of views be highly interesting to the community’. How much then does it concern our great landholders and proprietors, both on their own private, and the public account, to search out the most capable men for this important department.
    To be properly qualified for chief agent to a great estate, a man should have attained that thorough knowledge of the business of life, that tried experience in men and things[…]

     

    Let the steward provide a Journal, or Day-book, and a Ledger, with two other books, having an alphabet, and the pages marked, to be styled the Memorandum Ledger, and the General Inventory, and let him always go provided With a POCKET-MEMORANDUM book.

    Sidebar: I am using that pocket-memorandum in a novella I’m writing.

    Here is a list of things logged by a Steward

    Paid for bread and flour
    Paid for a Cheshire cheese, 511b. at £3id.
    Paid for oats, eight quarters, at 10*.
    Paid grocer, for candles, &c …
    Paid for a hunting saddle for Your .
    Paid for ditto for My
    Paid for a new set of harness for six cart-horses
    Paid ironmonger, for tnxes, &c
    Paid coachmaker, for chariot
    Paid for a set of harness for six horses
    Paid brazier, for a washing copper, wt.52lb. at £6d.
    Paid for a garden engine
    Paid for a garden roll six feet, at 2s. 6d.
    Paid cooper, for six iron-bound hogsheads, at 22s
    Paid Your——— by cash, bills, &c
    Paid butcher’s bill
    Paid for a cask of vinegar 16 gallons,at 16i
    Paid for 20 ton of coals, at 10s
    Paid for carriage of ditto
    Paid housekeeper her bill for incidents
    Paid myself my year’s wages
    Paid housekeeper her year’s wages ….
    Paid the keeper his year’s wages
    Paid the butler ditto
    Paid the head footman his year’s wages
    Paid the under footman ditto
    Paid huntsman ditto
    Paid the dog-boy ditto
    Paid the principal gardener ditto
    Paid the under gardener ditto
    Patd the head groom ditto
    Paid the under groom ditto
    Paid the coachman ditto
    Paid the postillion dilto
    Paid the game-keeper ditto
    Paid labourers wages

    There are several entries like this:

    Paid collector, for two quarterly payments of the land-tax, from Lady-day to Michaelmas, 17—, for the manor of A. as appears by his receipt.

    The total amount of land taxes paid is £499.11.5

    Total yearly expenses for this particular Lord —- are £6139.2.41

    The ledger example is for recording income received and money spent for tenant and household-related expenses.

    This line is what made me pause, the author has it labeled for the year 1800:

    Agreed this day with R. S. to accept as a compensation for a heriot due at the death of his father…………… £26 5

    I admit I had to look up “heriot”

    her·i·ot
    noun
    British historical
    noun: heriot; plural noun: heriots

    1. a tribute paid to a lord out of the belongings of a tenant who died, often consisting of a live animal or, originally, military equipment that he had been lent during his lifetime.

    Right. Even if this is only a made up example and not drawn from an actual example, (which I think it is since the author says he got examples from his own work and others), it’s not something I’ve run across in any of my previous research in the Regency.

    R.S’s father died, and he has to pay Lord Soandso £26 5. Sigh.

    Also interesting is that J.B paid half a year’s rent of £79.5 and D.S paid a full year at £125
    J.S. Sadler was paid the full amount of his bill £19.10 as was P.A. Smith in the amount of £21.5
    The Groom was paid expenses of £4.3.11

    I just paged forward, there are several examples, plainly drawn from documents lent to him, that mention heriots:

    Received of (J. D. a composition for three heriots, instead of his three best beasts or goods, due at the death of his father E. D

    There are many of them.

    Trees were branded, and boy, they were quite profitable.

    When an account of the timbers is taken, they may be marked with iron stamps, the rough part of the bark being taken off with the hatchet before the stamp is applied, that the impression may be made fair; and that it may be lasting, the stamp should go no deeper than the bark, but it may be renewed.

    Then I came to a long rant about lazy poor people and how taking away the commons and giving them to “ingenious gentlemen” to rent back to the poors who would then be no longer lazy, and, well, I’ve had about enough of that kind of talk lately so I stopped reading.

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